Welcome to the Bloodhound Club at Victor Valley College
In this club, we
are dedicated to establish the scientific literature behind
the ability of the Bloodhounds to trail human scent.
are used widely by law enforcement to trail criminals, prove
a suspect's guilt, or to trail abducted children. Another
use for bloodhounds is to locate remnants of human bodies in case
of earthquakes or other disasters.
Currently, the club is managed by Dr. Lisa Harvey,Ph.D. and professor
of physiology at the Biology department of V.V.C. The club consists
of a group of enrolled students who are trying to gain experience
in the field of scientific research.
Currently, the bloodhound club is conducting human scent studies
and we welcome anybody who wants to take part by volunteering his
or her time. If you feel that you can be of help to us, please
not until about the 16th century that the Bloodhound was used
to track man. They were only large game hunters before
then: deer, etc. The [bloodhound's] testimony was so
highly regarded that they had the legal right to follow a trail
into homes."(1) Our modern day law enforcement community did
not start using bloodhounds until the 1960s, when the National
Police Bloodhound Association was formed. Since then,
government agencies have steadily increased their use of bloodhounds
many criminal cases rely on the testimony of the dog. Our
group intends to decipher the specific components that make up
scent, so as to bolster the testimony of the bloodhound.
Dr. Lisa Harvey, today's bloodhound researcher, heads this project.
The first study evaluated the accuracy of the bloodhound with respect
to environmental and genetic factors-whether environmental factors
such as food consumed and hygiene products used by the subject
affected the scents detected by the bloodhound. The first part
of the study focused on the ability of the dog to distinguish between
genetically identical twins. Additionally, cohabitating versus
non-cohabitating siblings and cohabitating versus non-cohabitating
unrelated subjects were tested in this manner. All of the cohabitating
subjects were put on a strict regiment, requiring them to eat the
same foods, use the same hygiene products and live in the same
house. This study was a success and is currently being prepared
for publication in a peer review journal. The results of this study
lead Dr. Harvey and the club to the theory that human scent may
be a protein complex, which is genetically unique to individuals.
from Bloodhound handlers of old suggest that scent was made from
cell "boats" or rafts containing
bacteria Other researchers working in congruent areas have elucidated
that MHC, the Major Histocompatability Complex, is a part of the
scent excreted by mice (2). These MHC proteins are located on the
surface of every nucleated cell in the body. When cells deteriorate,
the MHC travels through the body and is excreted in a volatile,
gaseous form or in the urine. The current study underway at Victor
Valley College seeks to test if MHC is, in fact, the exact protein
detected by bloodhounds.
et al. PNAS online, 96 (4), 1522-1525.
If you have
a question about Bloodhound Club,
please e-mail: email@example.com