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Program Learning Outcomes

Definition of an Instructional Program for the Purpose of Program Learning Assessment

For the purpose of program learning assessment practice and reporting, an “instructional program” is a defined sequence or grouping of courses within a discipline required for the completion of a major, degree, or Chancellor-approved certificate at Victor Valley College. 

PLOs by Program:

Agriculture and Natural Resources

  • Evaluate and communicate analytically including synthesis, and research on: the relationship between natural, social and economic systems; principles and values that enhance leadership, personal/social responsibility, community involvement and respect for others and the practices that support sustainability.
  • Apply complex problem-solving skills and critical thinking skills using technology, scientific knowledge/method, natural resource policy, sustainable practice to current/real-world Agriculture and Natural Science Management issues.
  • Select and become proficient in the use of agriculture and natural resource practices, technology and industry standard equipment to develop the skills and training needed for Agriculture and Resource Management careers.

Administration of Justice

  • Critically analyze and evaluate behaviors and situations for violation of law; evaluate the lawful admissibility of evidence; and assess legal defenses.
  • Communicate effectively, orally and in written formats, to the various professional role players within the Criminal Justice system.
  • Critically evaluate vehicle code violations to determine the cause for an accident.
  • Perform the fundamentals of firearm safety, shooting accurately and cleaning a pistol.
  • Critically analyze and assess various sample fingerprints and accurately classify each fingerprint.
  • Critically evaluate the search and/or seizure of evidence and determine the admissibility of evidence based on current Federal Supreme Court Decisions.
  • Critically analyze and evaluate the procedures in the preliminary investigation of specific crimes.
  • Critically examine and evaluate the types of evidence, admissibility of evidence given fourth and fifth amendment restrictions; analyze exceptions to the exclusionary rule.
  • Critically evaluate the processes involved in recognizing evidence and investigating any specific crime scene; recognize the barriers to effective interviews and/or interrogations.
  • Critically analyze and describe the criminal trial processes from pre-arrest to sentencing.
  • Critically analyze and evaluate the proper procedures in conducting a criminal investigation involving crimes against persons, property, sex crimes, crimes against children, bombs and explosions ad vice and narcotics.
  • Critically evaluate and analyze the development of the role players, training and education, and present-day challenges of the criminal justice system to include police, courts and corrections.
  • Perform the duties and responsibilities of a Level II Reserve.
  • Critically appraise the legal restraints imposed on a police officer by the US Constitution; critically evaluate the duties of a Level III Reserve.
  • Explain the sociological theories of criminology.
  • Recognize and explain the development of the Juvenile court system.
  • Perform the duties, role, and function of a state certified correctional officer in a county jail or private prison.
  • Critically analyze and describe the role and responsibilities of the Forensic criminalists in conducting a criminal investigation.
  • Critically analyze and describe the development of the Penal institutions in the United States. Describe the goals, challenges, responsibilities and strategies of the correctional institutions.
  • Critically evaluate the challenges and strategies of the Criminal Justice System within a diverse and multicultural society.
  • Critically analyze and describe the development of the Juvenile Justice system in the United States. Explain the juvenile court procedures and Constitutional protections prescribed by the United States Supreme Court decision.
  • Critically evaluate the admissibility of evidence, evaluate and assess pre-trial motions and trial procedures.
  • Analyze and synthesize the several explanations for crime causation and apply the theories of crime causation to specific criminal offenders.
  • Critically analyze situations and issues that impact the Criminal Justice system within a culturally diverse Society.
  • Critically analyze vehicle code violations and evaluate the primary cause for an auto accident.
  • Critically analysis and evaluate behaviors and situations for violations of law; evaluate the lawful admissibility of evidence; and assess legal defenses.
  • evaluate the admissibility of evidence, Evaluate and assess pre-trial motions and trial procedures.
  • Critically analyze and describe the criminal trial processes from pre-arrest to sentencing.
  • Critically analyze and evaluate the admissibility or exclusion of evidence based on Fourth and Fifth Amendment protections; evaluate and describe the various types of evidence.
  • Critically analyze and evaluate the proper procedures in conducting a criminal investigations involving crimes against persons, property, sex crimes, crimes against children, bombs and explosives, and vice and narcotics.
  • Critically analyze and describe the development of the Penal institutions in the United States. Describe the goals, challenges, responsibilities and strategies of the correctional institutions.

Automotive Technology

  • Properly perform automotive repairs following industry standards for safety, comfort and drivability.


  • Determine necessary repairs to bring the aircraft engine and airframe into industry compliance for general maintenance.

Business Administration

  • Effectively use various channels of communication.
  • Successfully solve business-related mathematical computations.
  • Apply ethical principles (behavior) in a business environment.
  • Demonstrate appropriate human relation skills in a work environment.

Business Education Technologies

  • Demonstrate the ability to use software, and peripheral components at their own direction in a business environment.
  • Implement and relate skills to communicate and produce professional business documents in an office environment.
  • Demonstrate the ability to competently use a wide variety of office equipment.
  • Demonstrate general research standards to analyze online documentation to produce and integrate material.
  • Demonstrate proper techniques to complete tasks thoroughly and precisely.

Business Real Estate and Escrow

  • Effectively communicate real estate concepts with their peers and with those in the real estate industry.
  • Express and demonstrate a breadth of knowledge that deal with the principles of real estate, its laws, financing structures, and valuation concepts.

Child Development

  • Demonstrate the ability to integrate the knowledge of the needs, the characteristics, and multiple influences on the development of children birth to age eight as related to high quality care and education of young children.
  • Design, implement and evaluate environments and activities that support positive, developmental play and learning outcomes for young children.
  • Apply effective guidance and interaction strategies that support all children's social learning, identity and self-confidence.
  • Develop and implement strategies that promote partnerships between programs, teachers, families, and their communities.
  • Apply ethical standards and professional behaviors that demonstrate understanding and knowledge, deepening the commitment to early care and education profession.

Communication Studies

  • Communicate ethically, responsibly, and effectively as local, national, and global citizens and leaders.
  • Communicate competently in dyads, groups and organizations demonstrating an understanding of communication theories and principles.
  • Model and monitor interpersonal communication.
  • Competence demonstrating an ability to construct effective messages both oral and written in various formats, including the ability to interpret and evaluate feedback, for a variety of audiences.
  • Possess skills to effectively compose and deliver formal and informal oral presentations to a variety of audiences in multiple contexts.

Computer Information Systems

  • Evaluate information technology systems.
  • Communicate information technology concepts effectively with technical and non-technical audiences.
  • Analyze and discuss technical problems related to environments where information technology is utilized.
  • Implement logical computational solutions including documentation for an identified use case.
  • Synthesize technology with environments that satisfy business, security, fault tolerance, legal, sustainability and other requirements.

Computer Integrated Design and Graphics

  • To discuss the key components of design, process function, layout and function as it relates to the real world.
  • A general knowledge of the people, software, and hardware used to store, retrieve, map and analyze geographic data to provide critical tools to aid the decision makers of emergency response systems.

Construction and Manufacturing Technology

  • Identify procedures and strategies to minimize safety hazards and environmental impact associated with construction and manufacturing projects.
  • Properly perform construction and manufacturing trade work following standard industry practice.
  • Describe building code and legal requirements associated with construction and manufacturing projects.

Electronics and Computer Technology

  • Apply principles of mathematics and applied science, to perform technical calculations and solve technical problems of the types commonly encountered in electronics and computer technology careers.
  • Function competently in a laboratory setting, making measurements, operating technical equipment, critically examining experimental results, including their potential for improvement.
  • Use modern computational tools for technical problem-solving, including scientific calculators, computers, and appropriate software.
  • Recognize the need for life-long learning and possess the skills to maintain and improve technical and non-technical abilities.
  • Demonstrate an ability to communicate and function effectively with members of multidisciplinary teams from a variety of backgrounds.
  • Demonstrate an ability to utilize computer software applications used in electronics and computer technology such as, but not limited to: MultiSim, MathCad, Packet Tracer, LabView and basic programming.

Emergency Medical Services

  • Demonstrate the ability to integrate the knowledge of injury/illness pathophysiology for all patients into a high quality of treatment and patient care.
  • Apply effective leadership and communication strategies to effectively manage an emergency situation.
  • Demonstrate the ability to evaluate various patient conditions and implement appropriate advanced skills based upon necessity.
  • Perform at minimum, as a competent, safe practitioner in caring for the community and the critically sick and injured.


  • Analyze texts (such as non-fiction, fiction, drama, and poetry) within the conventions of genre, language, and rhetorical devices; read college-level texts for main points and supporting material; understand rhetorical strategies used in college-level texts
  • Think critically: analyze a variety of sources for purpose, content and style; evaluate source material for reliability; select and synthesize source material to support an argument.
  • Write effectively: produce a variety of college level writing projects which demonstrate an understanding of purpose, audience, coherence, clarity and style; assemble and synthesize diverse ideas from textual sources to create a unified essay, project, or oral presentation; assess, revise and edit writing projects to meet the conventions of academic discourse.

Fire Technology

  • Demonstrate knowledge and skills required to respond appropriately to fire and environmental emergency situations at the private, city, state and federal levels with emphasis in one or more of the following areas: wildland fire fighting; hazardous materials response; structural fire suppression, prevention, and investigation, disaster response, first responder; emergency medical technician; or leadership responsibilities.
  • Demonstrate the ability to analyze, appraise and evaluate fire and emergency incidents and identify components of emergency management and fire fighter safety including: Size-up, report on condition, Incident Command System; RECEO; 10 Standard Firefighting Orders; and 18 Situations that “Shout Watch Out”.
  • Identify and comprehend laws, regulations, codes and standards that influence fire department operations, and identify regulatory and advisory organizations that create and mandate them, especially in the areas of fire prevention, building codes and ordinances, and firefighter health and safety.
  • Identify minimum qualifications and entry level skills for fire fighter hiring. The student will be able to describe the following elements: application process; written exam process; physical agility exam, oral interview, chief’s interview; background investigation; and fire fighter probationary process.
  • Identify and describe common types of building construction and conditions associated with structural collapse and firefighter safety.
  • Analyze the causes of fire, determine extinguishing agents and methods, differentiate the stages of the fire and fire development, and compare methods of heat transfer.


  •  Define and discuss the basic principles, concepts, and theories of the social and physical sciences.
  •  Explain and apply the methods scientists use in the social and physical sciences, including observation, hypotheses, measurement, experimentation, evaluation of evidence, and quantitative analysis.
  •  Critically evaluate the limitation, sustainability and social impact of scientific knowledge in the social and physical sciences.


  • Identify and analyze key historical terms, including historiographical contexts.
  • Discuss significant people, institutions and events, using primary and secondary source materials.
  • Demonstrate analytical skills in interpreting historical documents and source materials to construct logical arguments about past events and their impact on the future.


  • Calculate arithmetic, algebraic, geometric, spatial, and statistical quantities using appropriate technology.
  • Estimate arithmetic, algebraic, geometric, spatial, and statistical solutions.
  • Solve arithmetic, algebraic, geometric, spatial, and statistical expressions, equations, functions, and problems using appropriate technology.
  • Represent mathematical information numerically, symbolically, graphically, verbally, and visually using appropriate technology.
  • Interpret mathematical and statistical models such as formulas, functions, graphs, tables, and schematics, drawing conclusions and making inferences based on those models.
  • Develop mathematical and statistical models such as formulas, functions, graphs, tables, and schematics using appropriate technology.
  • Communicate mathematical theories and ideas clearly and concisely to others in the oral and written form.


  • Demonstrate clear, culturally sensitive communication with patients, peers, & healthcare staff; documenting clearly care plans which address cultural, developmental, bio-psychosocial and spiritual needs and how they are met.
  • Calculate drug dosages for all age groups with 100% accuracy and use current technology according to industry standards.
  • After completing an assessment, state appropriate nursing diagnosis, formulate a plan of care which is culturally and age sensitive; implement and evaluate outcomes for patient.
  • Practice legally, ethically, and professionally while acting as the patient’s advocate.
  • Eighty-five percent of the graduates will demonstrate overall competence by successfully passing the NCLEX licensure exam (on the first attempt).

Political Science

  • Demonstrate a breadth of knowledge and critical thinking skills as related to political theory, institutional politics and political behavior.
  • Analyze political and social issues within a wide variety of assigned formats.  
  • Recognize the relationships among political actors within political systems and the political processes for policy development.


  • Demonstrate a breadth of knowledge and critical thinking skills as related to human behavior and mental processes
  • Communicate scientifically to peers and to the community.
  • Apply the scientific method to distinguish science from pseudoscience as it relates to behavior and mental processes.

Respiratory Therapy

  • Demonstrate the ability to comprehend, apply, and evaluate clinical information relative to their role as an advanced-practiced therapist (Cognitive Domain)
  • Demonstrate the technical proficiency in all skills necessary to fulfill the role of Registered Respiratory Therapist (Psychomotor Domain).
  • Demonstrate behaviors consistent with professionalism and meet employer expectations for the Registered Respiratory Therapist (Affective Domain).

Restaurant Management

  • Analyze and evaluate procedures for preventing food borne illnesses through the flow of food specifically: purchasing, receiving, storage, preparation and service.
  • Demonstrate advanced culinary techniques for various foods and beverages in both front and back of the house.
  • Demonstrate proficiency utilizing the five functions of management in the foodservice setting.
  • Examine the principles of personal hygiene, safe storage of foods, and kitchen safety.


  • Identify and review sociological perspectives.
  • Describe and analyze social issues and social problems.
  • Recognize and utilize basic concepts in statistics.
  • Explain and critically evaluate aspects of human social development, social interaction, and socialization in cultures, groups and society.
  • Discuss and summarize concepts of ethnicity and race, deviance, social inequality, and social stratification.


  • Demonstrate acceptable safety practices daily in order to prevent injuries of any type.
  • Practice and perform welder qualification testing at the appropriate level for the course.
  • Interpret drawings and welding symbols in order to weld the correct weld type and size per the detailed joint design.
  • Practice and demonstrate welding and cutting job practices in multiple processes appropriate for being a combination welder.


Program Learning Outcomes